EuDEco will use a systemic view to describe the model of the European data economy. This requires to understand the relations among the actors in the data economy as well as between the actors and the framework.

Framework conditions create a milieu that impacts the possibilities of the actors which can be individuals and organizations. Actors can unite different roles at the same time or after each other. Actors change their behaviour based on a continuous feedback mechanism. The actors of the data economy follow the principle of action and reaction. Systems that show these and other typical characteristics are referred to as Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS). The understanding of the relations provides the foundation for the analysis and development of use cases, business models and value networks as well as for the derivation of recommendations for promoting data reuse and laying the ground for a self-sustaining data economy in Europe.

In EuDEco, the CAS approach is expected to support, among others, the understanding of

  • the actors themselves,
  • the relations and interactions between actors,
  • the development of value networks and their structure
  • the reaction of actors to their surroundings and the pursuit of goals,
  • the selection of actions and
  • the objects used by actors.

Although not uncommon in the context of modelling efforts focusing on CAS, EuDEco will not undertake an effort to develop a computer simulation. Nevertheless, the model developed will allow gaining insights on the structure and development of the European data economy. The openness of the CAS approach will allow describing relations that go beyond the classical economic understanding of vendor-buyer relations and taking new incentives and motivations into account.

According to Axelrod and Cohen (2008), in terms of model elements, the final system model needs to represent

  • one or more populations of agents as well as the agents themselves,
  • the strategies of the agents,
  • the relevant artefacts and
  • environmental factors.

As the complexity of a system is determined by the interactions among its elements, the final model will represent the interactions between these elements. In the context of CAS, adaption is understood as a process leading to improvement according to some measure of success though the selection of a particular strategy. Therefore, the final model will also represent measures of success as well as strategy selection.

The EuDEco model of the European data economy will be developed in three iterations. The heuristic model developed in the first iteration will not represent all model elements and only the representation of environmental factors will go considerably beyond the obvious. In the second iteration, the heuristic model will be refined. The refined model will represent all model elements in considerable depth and go into detail with respect to relevant CAS properties and features. The final model will be the result of the third iteration. The final model will not only represent all model elements in full depth but also be partially tested in various settings.

The research on the three perspectives (legal, socio-economic and technological) will be mostly independent from each other but still coordinated to make sure that the results can be integrated smoothly.


Each refinement phase is supported by workshops, which aim at jointly improving the available model based on experiences, knowledge of the involved experts and case studies made available by them. The workshops’ timing and the composition of the involved external experts supposed to ensure the objectives. Members of the User Expert Group, consisting of invited experts, representing EU funded projects and national initiatives having the similar or relevant scope to EuDEco, are invited to join all workshops of EuDEco, while the members of the Advisory Board are invited to join four of these workshops where both expert committees will meet. In the frame of these joint workshops, the so called Data Reuse Fora, strategic decisions are taken on the interpretation and conclusions of results and the laying down the foundations of the next version of the model.

All together 9 workshops will be organised as visualised on the picture.